The Siberian Husky is a breed originating from northeastern Siberia, and known for its incredible endurance and willingness to work. Classified by the FCI in Group 5: Spitz and primitive type dogs, Section 1: Nordic sled dogs. Its determined and serene temperament makes it a very versatile dog, which is capable of performing various tasks.
It is medium in size, compact and strong, with balanced proportions and moderate bones, and has a great capacity for work and resistance. The Siberian Husky moves fluidly and freely, seemingly effortlessly. Males can reach a height of 53.5 to 60 cm at the withers, with a weight that can range between 20 and 28 kg. Females measure between 50.5 and 56 cm at the withers and weigh between 15.5 and 23 kg.
Due to their Siberian origins, one of the coldest parts of the globe, Huskies have a thicker coat of hair compared to other breeds, made up of a dense undercoat and a longer, thicker topcoat, although the absence undercoat during moult is normal. All colors from black to pure white are allowed. A variety of head markings are common, including many conspicuous patterns not found in other breeds.
Its medium-sized head is in proportion to the body, with a muzzle that is equal in length to the skull and with a well-defined cap. The color of his nose depends on the color of the dog’s hair. It is black in gray, brown, or black dogs, and brown in copper-haired dogs and pure white dogs. The medium-sized, oval-shaped eyes are set moderately apart and can be blue, brown, amber, or any combination thereof. They can even be half blue and half brown, or dogs can even have one blue eye and one brown eye.
The ears, erect, and of medium size, are triangular in shape, located on the top of the head. Tail carried over back in a sickle-shaped curve. A characteristic of this breed is that it has hair between the toes to help keep them warm and improve its grip on the snow.
One of the main uses of the Husky has been transporting goods over the vast icy areas of the great north. Sled pulling is his specialty, thanks to his great strength, his resistance, and his temperament adapted to a hierarchical system that facilitates teamwork and following a leader. In fact, these dogs were decisive in the exploration of both poles, and the success of Amundsen’s expedition, which reached the South Pole for the first time, depended largely on the strength and courage of his Greenlandic dogs, a breed very similar to the Huskies, who overcame infernal conditions and their adaptation to snow and cold, allowed the Norwegian Amundsen to win the race for being the first man to reach the South Pole.
Today it is commonly used in mushing and canicross and is also very popular in beauty shows, where it frequently appears on the podium for its elegance and spectacular movement.
One of its most peculiar characteristics is that it howls frequently and, in general, tends to bark less than other breeds. This characteristic is common to other Nordic breeds of the lupoid type that, precisely because of their close genetic relationship with wolves, have very similar behavior patterns. For this reason, we must not forget that these dogs have a marked predatory instinct and we must be careful when we walk with husky near flocks of sheep, chicken coops, etc. if we do not want to be upset.
It is a breed of great hardiness, with a little predisposition to hereditary diseases. There may be some cases of hip dysplasia or ocular alterations such as juvenile cataracts, or corneal pathologies, but sporadically and, in any case, with a much lower incidence than other breeds. Prone to suffering dermatitis sensitive to zinc deficiency, it is essential that they consume a balanced diet with the necessary amounts of this trace element.
It does not require special care, except regular brushing to keep its coat in proper condition and frequent exercise.