The Pomeranian or “Lulu of Pomerania”, whose name in the official kinophilia is zwergspitz ( dwarf spitz ) is originally from an ancient duchy called Pomerania, a historical-geographical region of former Prussia, located between Poland and Germany. The original Pomeranians were dogs of much larger size than the one we know today, a very popular breed of dog and appreciated as a companion, since the beauty of its coat, its small size, its intelligence, and its cheerful character have made it a favorite member of the family in thousands of homes.
1 The Pomeranian dog is a spitz-type dog, what does this mean?
The Pomeranian is a European spitz-type dog, the spitz “canine family” is made up of other larger members, but they all share some common characteristics, such as their head type reminiscent of a fox, a striking and beautiful coat double-layered, small, pointed and erect ears placed close to each other, and always alert temperament, a certain distrust of strangers and very prone to forming an extraordinarily close bond with their owner.
The dog breeds that make up the European spitz-type are included in group V, in the fourth section ( European spitz ) of the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
Some components of this official category are the wolfspitz ( wolf spitz ); grosspitz (large spitz ), mittlespitz ( medium spitz ), kleinspitz ( small spitz ) and zwergspitz ( dwarf spitz – pomeranian), and the Italian volpino .
Wolfspitz: height at the withers between 43-55 cm
Grosspitz: height at the withers between 41-50 cm
Mittlespitz: height at the withers between 31-40 cm
Kleinspitz: height at the withers between 25-30 cm
Zwergspitz (Pomeranian): height at the withers between 18-24 cm and weight between one and four kilos, smaller specimens not desirable.
There are also Asian spitz breeds and some other canine breeds that carry the term spitz and that the FCI classifies in the second section: Nordic hunting dogs.
2 The Pomeranian dog barks a lot, is this true?
The Pomeranian is expressive in nature in his emotions and affections; Furthermore, although their small size may mislead us, it must be remembered that they descend from guard dogs of houses and farms, therefore they always remain on the alert to (loudly) betray the presence of possible strangers or unusual noises in the home. However, often the fame of excessively barking dogs corresponds to Pomeranians that have not received a correct education from an early age, lacking limits and routines in their behavior, and needing to be the constant center of attention of their owners.
The Pomeranian is a very intelligent canine breed and learns easily and quickly, which is why it is very beneficial for its emotional well-being and for harmonious coexistence, dedicating time to learn obedience exercises, canine skills, or practicing some sports activity adapted to its morphology.
3 The colors of the Pomeranian dog
The immense variety of colors of this breed is another of the great attractions for its fans. These are the colors and shades admitted in the official FCI standard for this breed.
Colors supported in the FCI standard: white, black, brown, orange, gray, other colors.
For white Pomeranians: the coat must be pure white, although a slight trace of yellow is allowed, especially on the ears, where it is more frequent.
For brown Pomeranians: the coat should be uniformly dark brown.
For orange-colored Pomeranians: must have a uniform color within the mid-range of this color, a lighter orange hue is allowed on the chest, tail, and the back of the hind legs (known as “pants”).
For gray Pomeranians: gray is a silvery gray with black hair tips. The muzzle and ears are dark in color, the eye contour is well defined .; the mane and the upper part of the shoulder color are lighter; the hair on the front and hind legs are silvery gray without any black markings under elbows, except slight pencil-colored traces on toes; the black tip of the tail and underside of the tail and the “pants” pale silver-gray.
Other colors. This term applies to the following colors: cream, cream-sable, orange-sable, black and tan, and particular. Particolored dogs must always have white as their basic color. The patches should be uniformly one color, either black or brown or gray or orange or orange- sable or cream or sable -cream. They should preferably be distributed throughout the body.
The sable color (sand) in dogs usually includes a wide range of shades that go from the palest sand tones, gold, shades of brown, mahogany, or reddish browns, always without black. In many dog breeds, this sable color pattern is combined with grays and blues.
4 How to care for the hair of the Pomeranian dog
The abundant and voluminous fur of the Pomeranian is one of its hallmarks, therefore it requires time, perseverance, and attention to keep it in perfect condition, not only for aesthetic reasons but, fundamentally, for hygiene and health.
From four to nine months of age, there is a significant shedding of hair, since the puppy can be practically devoid of its infant coat, to give way to adult hair, it is a completely normal physiological episode. In addition, in many puppies, certain changes in the color of the hair are observed, especially if it is an orange, brown, or gray Pomeranian.